The Need for a Skilled India
Liberalisation of the Indian markets in the 1990s, end of the License Raj coupled with decline in manufacturing sector and the rural economy, resulted in the emergence of an unprecedented growth of new sectors in India. The global IT boom, inflow of private international investments and the emergence of the service sector meant that there was a significant demand for semi-skilled and skilled labour across the spectrum. At the same time, the then current system of providing skilled workers was via the route of vocational trainings in Industrial Training Institutes. However, these were long term trainings and focused largely on manufacturing sector job roles which led to a huge gap in the supply of the skilled labour to a rapidly booming economy.
Simultaneously, India’s demography was also evolving; the nation today has a large percentage of young population aspiring to break the traditional shackles to explore the new and the unknown for a better tomorrow.
The solution to a desperate market (national and international), demand for skilled manpower and aspiring Indian youth seeking avenues for progress is embedded in the vision of our Hon’ble Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi: to make India the skill capital of the world. This vision is transformed into a reality through the Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana.
Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana
Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY) is the flagship outcome-based skill training scheme of the Ministry of Skill Development & Entrepreneurship (MSDE) under Skill India. It is India’s largest skill certification scheme and the objective is to enable and mobilize a large number of Indian youth to take up outcome based skill training and become employable and earn their livelihood.
The scheme was launched by the Prime Minister, on 15th July 2015 - World Youth Skills Day, to skill 1 Crore youth of the country with an outlay of Rs 12,000 crores. It is being implemented across the country through the National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC).
PMKVY will fulfill the dream of a skilled country - skills that make young people, who have been skilled at state of the art training centers or at home or with a craftsperson, ready for the international market or the national industry or for rural needs. It is the first step towards making India the skill capital of the world.
- PMKVY (2016 - 2020) is a modified and improved version of PMKVY 2015-2016 with more focus on stringent quality parameters.
- Union Cabinet approved the scheme on 15th July, 2016, with a mandate of skilling 1 crore youth of the country.
- The overall budgetary allocation for four years of the scheme is INR 12,000 crore.
- The PMKVY (2016-2020) Scheme is being implemented by the Centre along with the States. It has two components namely Centrally-Sponsored Centrally-Managed (CSCM) and Centrally-Sponsored State-Managed (CSSM).
- CSCM, PMKVY (2016 – 2020): It has three training formats: Short Tem Training (STT), Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL) and Special Project.
For more information: http://pmkvyofficial.org/
Key Benefits to Trainee under PMKVY ( 2016 - 2020 )
PMKVY 2016-2020 compared to PMKVY 2015-16
Short Term Trainings
|Parameters||PMKVY (2015-2016)||PMKVY ( 2016 - 2020 )|
|Centre Validation||Done by Sector Skill Council||Done by Quality Council of India ( QCI )|
|Placements||Placement Tracking & Incentivizing introduced in 2nd half of the scheme||20% of Pay-out based on placement performance linked incentives|
|Disbursements||Successful candidates received reward money in their Bank accounts||Disbursements to TPs as per Common Norms|
|Job Roles||All Job roles across level 1 to level 5||Trainings on Job Roles of Level 3 & Level 4 only|
|Target Allocation||Sector wise, Constituency wise & Centre wise||Job-role wise at the Training Centre level|
|Trainee Handbook||No standard trainee handbook||Standard Trainee Handbook being provided to all Candidates|
|Certifications||Certificates & skill card generated through third party integration||Digital locker for storage of Certificates & mark sheets|
|Attendance||Paper based attendance at Training Centres of trainees only|
Aadhar Based Biometric attendance of Trainees, Trainers & Assessors is mandatory for Training Centres except in J&K & NE region
Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL)
|Parameters||PMKVY ( 2015 - 2016 )||PMKVY ( 2016 - 2020 )|
|Mode of Execution||Training Partners via Training Centres(Target Allocation: NSDC – SSC – TP)||Project Mode:|
Type 1. RPL Camp
Type 2. RPL @ Employer’s Premises &
Type 3. RPL Centres
PIA (SSC/NSDC Designated Agency)
|RPL Process||3 STEP process Mobilization & Counselling, Assessments & Certification, Payouts||5 STEP process Mobilization, Counselling & Pre-Screening, Orientation (Bridge Course option), Final Assessment, Certification & Payout|
|Assessment & Certification||Certification against candidates clearing passing percentage (50-70% on the QP) Issuance of mark sheet against candidates not PASSING but scoring above 25%||QP into “Core NOSs” & “Non-Core NOSs”Certification against candidates scoring 50% in Total Marks calculated as Weighted Average(70% from Core NOSs + 30% in Non-Core NOSs)Mark-sheet given to all candidates (PASSED & FAILED)|
|Financials||Direct Payout to Certified/Mark-sheet Candidates (Rs 500) Direct Payout to TP [Organized sector - Rs 1600 (S)/1800(M) & Unorganized sector - Rs 2600 (S)/2800(M)] Includes Assessment fees: Rs 600/800|
Direct Payout to Certified Candidates: INR 500 Direct Payout to PIA: INR. 1700 (Type I), INR. 1400 (Type II), INR. 1600 (Type III) Assessment fees: INR. 600/800(Services/Manufacturing) Payment to PIA in 2 tranches (80% on Certification, & 20% on submission proofs of certification ceremony)
PIA Fees of 1700,1400,1600 are maximum values (it can change as per individual proposals
Fund allocation under PMKVY (2016-2020)
Total budgetary allocation for four years of the scheme is INR 12,000 cr.
Payout Tranches to Training Providers / PIA
|Tranches||% of Total Base Cost per candidate||Output Parameters|
|1||30%||On commencement of the training batch against validated candidates|
|2||50%||On successful certification of the trainees|
|3||20%||Outcome based on placements|
|Tranches||% of Total Base Cost per candidate||Output Parameters|
|1||80%||On Successful Certification of Candidate|
|2||20%||On Successful Submission of Evidence Based Proofs of Certificate Distribution Ceremony (Batch-wise Photos of Candidates with Certificates)|
Work Flow of Short Term Training under PMKVY ( 2016 - 2020 )
Work Flow of RPL under PMKVY ( 2016 - 2020 )
Work Flow of Special Project under PMKVY ( 2016 - 2020 )
PMKVY Overall decision making process
SMART Portal for Center Accreditation and Affiliation:firstname.lastname@example.org
PMKVY (2016 – 2020):email@example.com
NSDC Partnership (Funded / Non-Funded) Program Development:firstname.lastname@example.org
SDMS Technical Queries/JIRA ticket: Jira.Login@campusmgmt.com
AEBAS for PMKVY (2016 – 2020):email@example.com
Time for Walk-in Query:-
Note: Meetings outside these time slots will be with prior appointment only.